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Previous Issue - Articles

INDIAN SILK, 

June – August 2014

Sericulture – A Tool for Women Empowerment
K.K. Shetty
Sericulture has been recognized as a women-friendly enterprise and over 53% of its workforce is women.  The author dwells upon various issues concerning women empowerment through sericulture.
Sericulture has been recognized as a women-friendly enterprise and over 53% of its workforce is women.  The author dwells upon various issues concerning women empowerment through sericulture.
Workshop on Empowering Women through Sericulture
Rajesh Kumar Sinha and M.N. Ramesha
Special report on the workshop on empowering women through sericulture held on September 17, 2014 at New Delhi wherein Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar, Union Minister of State for Textiles honoured 54 women achievers in sericulture from 27 States of the country for their outstanding performance. 
Prospects and promotion of bivoltine sericulture in Eastern and North-eastern India
N. Suresh Kumar, A.K. Saha, B.B. Bindroo and S. Nirmal Kumar
In view of high vulnerability of bivoltine to high temperature with high and low humidity in the late instars that largely prevail in West Bengal, Eastern and North-eastern India, identification of bivoltine seed zones becomes imperative for raising bivoltine seed crop.  The article dwells upon the scenario in the region and comes out with certain recommendations to develop suitable hybrids, upgrading rearing environment, besides ensuring technological intervention.
Draft genome sequence of the mulberry Research Briefs,
M.N.S. Iyengar
AMIT – A novel technique for reviving sericulture in drought stricken Chamarajanagar district
K. Srikantaswamy and B.B. Bindroo
Erratic rainfall and inadequate supply of water for irrigation have played the spoilsport for sericulture in Chamarajanagar district, leading to the shrinkage of mulberry acreage.  A low-cost Affordable Micro Irrigation Technology (AMIT) developed for sericulture, and proposed for smaller land holdings has proved more efficient in addressing the labour constraint, power fluctuation, water and nutrient use for higher crop growth and biomass production. Details  
Cocoon harvester for plastic collapsible mountages
Satish Verma and B.B. Bindroo
 
Harvesting of cocoons from plastic collapsible mountage, widely in use in Southern India, has been time consuming.  For large scale harvesting of cocoons, CSRTI, Mysore has designed and developed a cocoon harvester which is not only economical and user-friendly, but also addresses inherent problems of manual method of cocoon harvesting.  
Indoor chawki rearing technology for tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta D.
Ch. Sudhakar Babu, S. Kamaraj, Shova Beck, K.B. Jena, S.S. Singh, B.C. Prasad, D. Chakravarty and M.K. Sinha
 
Traditionally, rearing chawki tasar silkworms outdoors had been a cause of concern for its exposure to vagaries of nature and predators.  Several attempts made to contain the problem yielded insignificant results.  A new viable chawki rearing technology has been developed for Antheraea mylitta to rear in indoor conditions that ensured considerable reduction in larval mortality and improvement of cocoon production.  
Foliar disease tolerant varieties of Som
A.K. Gogoi, G.P. Singh, A.K. Sahu and K. Giridhar
 
In view of high level of incidence of the foliar diseases like leaf spot and leaf blight on  Som, and the damage affecting the production and productivity of muga cocoons, a study was conducted recently to screen the disease tolerant morphotypes of Som.  The results indicate the need to propagate and multiply the S3 morphotype for its tolerance. Details  
Sericulture made my life – Smt. Kusumbala Mondal/Success story
D. Das, M.V. Santha Kumar, S.K. Mukhopadhyay and B.B. Bindroo
The devastating flood of 1999 literally wiped out the life of Smt. Kusumbala of Murshidabad district in West Bengal.  Sericulture came to her rescue and helped to rebuild her life.
Dyeing of eri silk with eco-friendly natural dyes from neem leaves and tessu flowers
Alka Goel and Rashi Agarwal
 
Now-a-days, the demand for textiles made from natural fibres and dyed with natural dyes is on the rise as the people are more fashion conscious and ready to pay higher price for the items unique in nature.  The authors present the outcome of their study on the use of dyes extracted from neem leaves and tessu flowers which give pleasant shades of light cream to light green and yellow to orange colours, respectively.  Good to excellent colour fastness was observed with respect to light, perspiration, rubbing and washing with these dyes. Details:  
Regular columns  
This issue, that year, Editorial, Book review, Trade events, Silk Briefs, Trade information, Hindi Vibhag etc.